Internet of Thing (IoT)is just one of many disruptive influences in education today. We live in an era where the wealth of data and the exponential growth in the development of new knowledge is challenging institutions to rethink teaching and learning in a global market. There is also a need to prepare students for increasing competition in the workplace. With IoT as a catalyst, education is moving from a knowledge-transfer model to a collaborative, active, self-directed, and engaging model that helps students increase their knowledge and develop the skills.
The connected devices can help make life easier for students with special needs. For instance, provide oral instruction for students with reading disabilities. Present tests and reading materials in an oral format so the assessment is not unduly influenced by lack of reading ability, IoT can can go step further for a visually impaired student, automatically enlarges font size and screen preferences. Rather than having to call a teacher over for help—costing both the student and the teacher time they could be using more productively—the student can take care of the issue, which also builds self-confidence and promotes independence.
Four Dimension of IoT in Education: –
(Student, Process, Information, & Things)
IoT in education is in the early stages, but some institutions are leading the way in showing how IoT can be integrate effectively in educating young students and the public at large. This section explores the impact each dimension has on education and what is needed to support, build, and scale some of the practices currently being planned or adopted.
Today, most student connect to the Internet using multiple devices and social networks. It is too soon to predict the channels people will use to connect to the Internet in the future—what is certain is that through such channels, people will be hyper-connected. The education sector must understand how people connect to the Internet to increase their learning and apply their knowledge as a result. Experts in a specific area will be sought to teach classes anywhere in the world, and sharing information via streaming or live video will become the norm.
Every part of human life process plays an important role in how people, data, and things work together to deliver value in the connected world of IoT. With the correct process, connections become relevant and value is added because the right information is delivered to the right person, at the right time, in an appropriate way. Ensuring that young people have access to learning opportunities that meet their needs will make education more efficient, improve time to mastery, and motivate learners. Such opportunities will also increase student retention and the application of new knowledge, which is vital for future success in both work and society.
As things connected to the Internet, they will also become more intelligent, thereby providing more useful information. Rather than just report raw data, connected things will soon send higher-level information back to machines, computers, and people for further evaluation and quicker decision making. The implications of this in education are enormous. For example, as part of their studies, learners could tag physical objects, collect data about those objects, and then feed that information to other programs for analysis, improving the accuracy of their research. In addition to ensuring accurate research and working with and manipulating real data, learners could also contribute their content to data banks, becoming members of expert communities in various research projects—from climate change, species identification, and archaeology to more and more areas of human civilization.
Things are nothing but the physical items that can be connected to both the cyber space(internet) and people via sensors. Imagine if things could to talk to each other, forming a community of IoT —objects will exhibit certain behaviors based on stimulus from their surroundings. If things could share information that improves their functionality, sensors could be embedded into everyday items enabling them to upload information to the Internet. In research, there has never been a better way to study hard-to-reach animals than with sensors. The information can be made available to educators, helping them provide live data to learners to increase their understanding and update them on the latest findings and research.
If a student needed help with homework, the available options for his/her were either to figure it out, call a friend or ask a parent for help. With the IoT, however, schools can give students full-time access to multiple educational tools. IoT will create the ability to share content digitally with both teachers and peers encourages collaboration and engagement.
The Internet has evolved from connecting people, thought, passion, subject and later videos, photos, and text to more recently physical objects. As things and people become more connected, such objects and subjects will also become part of social networks, much in the same way that people tag photos on Facebook and Instagram. In this way, the value of such objects will increase for both research and learning.