Internet of Things (IoT) is a tremendous catalyst for the entire healthcare industry. IoT plays a significant role in a broad range of healthcare applications, from managing chronic diseases at one end of the spectrum to preventing diseases at the other. The internet of things in healthcare encompasses heterogeneous computing and wireless communication systems, apps and devices that help patients and providers alike to monitor, track and store patients’ vital statistics or medical information.
IoT is coming out as the most promising information communications technology (ICT) solution which enables providers to improve healthcare outcomes and reduce healthcare costs by collecting, recording, analyzing and sharing myriads of new data streams in real time and flawlessly. IoT Healthcare solutions can remotely monitor patients suffering from various disorders like diabetes, cardiac arrhythmia, dementia, alzheimera etc. and put life-saving data, such as CT scans, test results and patient records, into the hands of medical team, almost anytime and on multiple devices.
Outpatient monitoring and tele-medicine or “doctor on call” applications are bringing newer ways of interaction with patients and enabling a better reach to remote locations. Wireless sensor-based systems are at work today, gathering patient medical data that was never before available for analysis and delivering care to people for whom care wasn’t previously accessible. In these ways, IoT-driven systems are making it possible to radically reduce costs and improve health by increasing the availability and quality of care.Some of the disruptive application IoT are :-
Chronic Disease Management: IoT bridges the gap through the use of devices that monitor a patient’s physiological conditions (such as blood pressure for hypertensive patients, blood glucose levels and weight for diabetics and so on). The periodic data sent in by these devices could be used to perform different analytics. It replaces the process of having a health professional come by at regular intervals to check the patient’s vital signs, instead providing a continuous automated flow of information. In this way, it simultaneously improves the quality of care through constant attention and lowers the cost of care by eliminating the need for a caregiver to actively engage in data collection and analysis.
Remote Clinical Monitoring and Assisted Living: This degree of automation enables providers to transfer the tasks of routine monitoring and field administration to remote monitoring personnel, thus saving cost. Additionally, remote monitoring has successfully demonstrated results such as decreased member move-out rates and increased staff productivity.
Wellness and Preventive Care: The advent of IoT and wearable technology, has made health supervision convenient. Such continuous availability of data allows the user to analyse and correlate many parameters, the possibilities here are endless.
IoT is a disruptive innovation which bridges interoperability challenges to radically change the way in which healthcare will be delivered, driving better outcomes, increasing efficiency and making healthcare affordable. Industry analysts predict that the ability for patients to take more responsibility of their health and the promotion of preventive measures are capable of disrupting current care delivery and will shape the future of healthcare.